HTTPS, short for HyperText Transfer Protocol Secure, is an internet communication protocol that protects the integrity and confidentiality of data between the user’s computer and the site. Websites use HTTPS to secure all communications between their servers and web browsers, such as form submissions, logins, and financial transactions.

How HTTPS Works

HTTPS uses an encryption protocol, typically Secure Sockets Layer (SSL) or Transport Layer Security (TLS), to secure communications. The process involves:

  • Encryption: Scrambling the data to make it unreadable to everyone except the recipient.
  • Data Integrity: Ensuring that the data transferred is not altered or corrupted.
  • Authentication: Verifying that the users are communicating with the intended website, which protects against man-in-the-middle attacks.

Types of HTTPS Certificates

There are several types of SSL/TLS certificates that a website can obtain, which vary based on the level of validation and encryption they offer:

  1. Domain Validation (DV): Certifies that the applicant owns the domain.
  2. Organization Validation (OV): In addition to domain ownership, it validates information about the organization.
  3. Extended Validation (EV): Provides the highest level of validation by verifying the legal, physical, and operational existence of the entity.

Examples and Importance


  • E-commerce websites use HTTPS to securely handle credit card transactions.
  • Banks use it to secure online banking sessions.
  • Social media sites use HTTPS to protect users’ privacy.


  • Security: It protects user data from interception and tampering.
  • Trust: The presence of HTTPS and a padlock icon in the address bar indicates to users that the website is secure and legitimate.
  • SEO: Google uses HTTPS as a ranking signal. Secure websites may have a SEO advantage over non-secure sites.


HTTPS is essential for protecting web communications, enhancing user trust, and ensuring data security. With the increasing importance of online security, HTTPS has become a standard for all websites, not just those handling sensitive transactions.

Nedim Mehic

Nedim is a senior technical SEO specialist, and the co-founder of Beki AI. On the Beki AI blog, we share new and innovative strategies to SEO and content marketing.

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